The 12.5” X 18” size is perfect for most chicks and chickens. Use in the first stages of life for mandatory heat requirements and later when old man winter pays a visit! The internal thermostat is pre-set to the perfect temperature. Ensuring your chicks do not “get chilled” will help prevent “pasting” and support a healthy start. Only 40 watts makes the Thermo-Chicken Heated Pad very energy efficient. It can be placed on the floor or mounted to a wall. For use in an enclosure. MET listed.